The Lancashire Witches: Notes & Works Cited

NOTES

  1. The marketing slogan for the Granada paperback edition of 1980.
  2. The accompanying advertisements were written in a garish ‘creepy’ font, causing Thackeray to remark that, ‘I thought I was drunk when I saw the placards in the street.’ Thackeray, ‘To Frances Fladgate’, January 1848, letter 442 of The Letters, vol. 2, 344.
  3. Thomas Potts, The Wonderfvll Discoverie of Witches in the Covntie of Lancaster. With the Arraignement and Triall of Nineteene notorious WITCHES, at the Affizes and generall Gaole deliuerie, holden at the Caftle of LANCASTER, vpon Munday, the feunteenth of Auguft laft, 1612, ed. James Crossley (Manchester: The Chetham Society, 1845.)
  4. Dr. Whitaker was a historian and collector of rare manuscripts who provided George Ormerod of the Chetham Society with material for the collection Remains Historical and Literary connected with the palatine counties of Lancaster and Chester of which Potts’s Discoverie is a part.
  5. See Keith Thomas, Religion and the Decline of Magic (London: Penguin, 1971), Chapter 14.
  6. See Christina Hole, Witchcraft in England (London: B.T. Batsford, 1977).
  7. See Gary Will, Witches and Jesuits, Shakespeare’s Macbeth (London: OUP, 1995) for an excellent example of this reading.
  8. This anticipates her father’s later comment that: ‘I am a true English-man, I love the Princes Rights and Peoples Liberties, and will defend them both with the last penny in my purse, and the last drop in my veins, and dare defy the witless Plots of Papists.’ Shadwell, III. This line was prudently omitted from the original text.
  9. In the original, the male rider and poetic voice imagines: ‘“O mercy!” to myself I cried/“If Lucy should be dead!”’ (Wordsworth, ‘Strange fits of passion I have known,’ 1800, 27 – 8).
  10. See my essay ‘Writing the Underworld: Ainsworth’s Jack Sheppard and the Newgate Controversy’ in The Life & Works of the Lancashire Novelist William Harrison Ainsworth, 1805 – 1882 (New York: EMP, 2003). Available at: https://ainsworthandfriends.wordpress.com/2013/02/28/writing-the-underworld-ainsworths-jack-sheppard-and-the-newgate-controversy-part-one/
  11. See Vladimir Propp, ‘The Function of the Dramatis Personae’, XIV, Morphology of the Folktale, trans. Laurence Scott (Austin: University of Texas, 1998).
  12. See Edmund and Ruth Frow, Manchester and Salford Chartists (Manchester: Lancashire Community Press, 1996).
  13. G.P.R. James, Dark Scenes of History (London: T.C. Newby, 1849). Various historical events are presented as romantic tales, which would appeal to Ainsworth.
  14. Shirley had been published the previous month.

WORKS CITED

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Ainsworth, W.H. Autograph letters of W.H. Ainsworth to James Crossley, 11 vols. Manchester: Archives Section, Local Studies Unit, Central Library. (Manuscript source).

Anon. (2012). ‘Statue of Pendle Witch Alice Nutter unveiled.’ In BBC News, July 28. Available at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-lancashire-19028459 (accessed August 26, 2016).

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Crossley, James and Evans, John eds. (1881). Specially Revised Accounts of the Recent Banquet to William Harrison Ainsworth, Esq., by Thomas Baker, Mayor of Manchester. As an expression of the high esteem in which he is held by his Fellow-townsmen and of his services to literature. Manchester: Privately printed.

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Jackson, Kate. (2008). ‘Call for Pendle witches to be pardoned.’ In This is Lancashire, February 28. Available at: http://www.thisislancashire.co.uk/news/2082443.Call_for_Pendle_witches_to_be_pardoned/ (accessed August 26, 2016).

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Will, Gary. (1995). Witches and Jesuits, Shakespeare’s Macbeth. London: OUP.